NumismaticsPhilippines

Melchora "Tandang Sora" Aquino on Philippine Currency

Melchora Aquino earned the title "Mother of Katipunan" for her heroic contributions to the Philippine revolution against Spain. When the war broke out in 1896, she was already 84 years old, hence, she was called "Tandang Sora."

This Filipino revolutionary was born on January 6, 1812 in Banlat, Quezon City. She had very little education, but had the qualities of a literate and highly intelligent person. Widowed early, she opened a store to support her six children.

Melchora used her store as a means to provide the revolutionaries with medical care. She not only gave them medical attention but also encouraged them with prayers and motherly advice. Many revolutionaries sought refuge in her store and held secret meetings at her home.

When the Spaniards arrested her, she refused to provide any information about the revolutionaries. She was exiled in the Marianas Islands.

She returned to the Philippines In 1898 during the American regime. She died on March 2, 1919 at the age of 107.

April 15, 1951, the first depiction of Melchora Aquino image on our currency is on 100-Pesos bill of English Series banknote. She was also the first Filipina Hero to appear on our currency.

100 Pesos Quirino - Cuaderno English Series Banknote

Her second appearance was on 5 Sentimos of Pilipino Series Coin



Her third appearance was on 5 Sentimos of Ang Bagong Lipunan (ABL) Series Coin



Her fourth appearance was on 5 Sentimo of Flora and Fauna Series Coin.

1983 5 Sentimo Brilliant Uncirculated Flora and Fauna Series Coin

She again appeared in the official 2012 Melchora Aquino Coin Set but in the form of medal together with the legal tender coins of that year