NumismaticsPhilippines

Parts of a Philippine Coin





Parts of a Philippine Coin

Three side of a Coin

Obverse : the front side of a coin, commonly called "heads" or "cara"
Reverse : the back side of a coin, commonly called "tails" or "cruz"
Edge : the third side of a coin, between obverse and reverse side


Obverse

Obverse is commonly called as “heads” because it usually feature a portrait or image of a person such as this coins


Jose Rizal
Image of a woman
Marcos - Reagan

Sometimes both obverse and reverse of a coin features a portrait of a person, in this case the main commemoration design will be the obverse



1970 Piso Pagdalaw-ng Papa sa Pilipinas Papa Paulo

There are cases where an image of a person is not used, in this case the main design will be the obverse such as but not limited to events, things, animals, buildings, places etc.


Building
Place
Event

Sometimes the main design is at the reverse, because the issuing authority dictated it as such


1987 200 Piso World Wildlife Fund
1987 200 Piso World Wildlife Fund Literature

There is an instance where a coin has no main design, in this case the side with denomination shall be the obverse hence “face value”


1913 1/2 Centavo
2005 1 Sentimo

Reverse

The reverse usually shows a logo, emblem, seal, coat of arms or other similar in nature


Central Bank of the Philippines
Commonwealth of the Philippines
Republic of the Philippines

Sometimes the seal is at the obverse, because the issuing authority dictated it as such


1987 200 Piso World Wildlife Fund
1987 200 Piso World Wildlife Fund Literature

In an absence of a logo, emblem, seal, coat of arms or other similar in nature, the secondary design shall be the reverse


Philippine Eagle
PICC
Map

Edge

Edge can be reeded / milled, plain, interrupted serration or has lettering, decorated or combination of it


Elements

Field

The flat surface of a coin where there is no design

Field

Relief

The raised part of a coin's design such as portrait, lettering etc

Relief

Rim

the raised part of the outer side of reverse and obverse side of the coin. It helps to protect the coin's design from wear and makes it easy for coins to be stackable

Rim

Mint Mark

A small letter or symbol that identifies where a particular coin is struck.


San Francisco Mint
Philippine Mint
Franklin Mint

There are cases that the absence of a mintmark, depending on the time frame, identifies where a particular coin is struck


Philadelphia Mint
Manila Mint
US Mint

Beginning in 1983, depending on the year, mintmark denotes it has been struck under the authority of the Mint it represents.


Philippine Mint
Royal Mint
Royal Mint Literature

Denomination

Monetary value assign to a coin, also called face value

Denomination Obverse
Denomination Reverse

Date

The year shown on a coin. In the case of commemorative coins, sometimes two dates is shown

Date Obverse
Date Reverse
Double Date

Legend

Main word/s or lettering that appears on the coin

Legend